Academic papers require the author to cite all their sources used in creating their paper. This section where the author reveals the source of their academic paper is called the Bibliography, References, or Works Cited section. Knowing bibliography rules is required within your paper, it's easier if you keep a listing of all your sources used while performing your needed research. As a minimum, keep track of your sources title, author, city and state or region of publication, publisher, date of publication, and the page numbers utilized. If it's a web page also jot down the web address, heading if applicable, and the date you accessed the site.
When creating your Works Cited section, follow the guidelines for the style required for your academic paper. If a preference style has not been assigned then either record all your sources in the order in which they were used in your paper or in alphabetical order. It's best to ask for your instructor's preference if a formatting style was not indicated.
The following examples are for the more popular academic paper formats:
Here are a number of general rules for MLA style
Sproul, R.C. Essential Truths of the Christian Faith. Wheaton. Tyndale House. 1992. Print.
Dugan, Lauren. "85% Of People On Social Networks Think People Are Kind-Hearted [STUDY]." SocialTimes. Prometheus Global Media, 10 Feb. 2012. Web. 26 June 2015.
Cummings, William. "9 Dead after Sightseeing Plane Crashes near Alaska Cliff." USA Today.
USA Today, n.d. Web. 26 June 2015
Detour. BBC 2, 1945. Film.
Here are a number of general rules for APA style
Detour [Motion picture]. (1945). BBC 2.
McClintock, J., & Strong, J. (1867). C-D. In Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesiastical Literature (Vol. 2). Harper and Brothers.
Dugan, L. (2012, February 10). 85% Of People On Social Networks Think People Are Kind-Hearted [STUDY]. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
Cummings, W. (2015, June 25). 9 Dead after Sightseeing Plane Crashes near Alaska Cliff.
This formatting style has two separate formats in one system - notes and bibliography and author-date system. The first, notes and bibliography, is commonly used for humanities while the author date system is generally used by the sciences.
Detour. BBC 2, 1945. Film.
Sproul, R. C. Essential Truths of the Christian Faith. Wheaton, Ill.: Tyndale House, 1992.
Articles from newspapers and magazines can be cited within the text - ("As William Cummings noted in a USA Today article on June 25, 2015). These references are not included in the Bibliography.
Website content can be cited the same as a newspaper and magazine citation - within the text - ("As of February 10, 2012, Lauren Dugan of Social Times reported that 85 percent... .) For a more formal citation follow this example:
85% Of People On Social Networks Think People Are Kind-Hearted [STUDY], Last accessed November 15, 2014.
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