A bibliography is a compiled list of the resources you used to write your academic paper. This compilation of sources is important because it validates your theories, views, and interpretation of facts to your readers along with keeping plagiarism in check. Sources listed within a bibliography include: books, magazines, journals, documentaries, movies, web sites, newspapers, etc. Bibliographies also can be labeled as "References," "Works Consulted," "Works Cited" or possibly "Selected Bibliography" - it depends on the format being used for the paper.
A bibliography is different from a footnote or an endnote, which also can be used to cite a reference used within your paper. Footnotes are author's notes that are placed at the bottom of the page that either cites a reference to a specific quote or body of text. A footnote also could contain an added comment the author thought was relevant to that specific passage but did not flow or was germane to the paper's overall content.
An endnote is placed at the end of a document - as it name implies. Other than its placement, there is no difference between a footnote and an endnote. The main difference between citing a source within a footnote and a bibliography is a footnote citing applies directly to a specific fact, sentence, or passage within the paper while a bibliography will contain references to material that may have been used as background and was never quoted or referenced within the paper.
Although these source listings are called by different names, there are three main types of bibliographies used for research papers: Enumerative Bibliography, Analytical Bibliography, and Annotated Bibliography. Within these three types there are many variations and bibliography styles that are dependent on the type of paper being written, the paper's subject matter, or preferences by the instructor or institution.
An enumerative listing is created according to some form of organization - either alphabetical order according to the author's name or the sources title; by publication date; or by the order it appeared within the paper. Within the listing enough information is included so the reader can locate the source for further information about the subject. Information commonly includes the title or heading, author, publication date, publisher, and possibly page numbers. This is possibly the most popular type of listing used for academic papers.
This type of bibliography is used for academic papers concerning literature. As the title implies, the bibliography will give detailed investigative information concerning the books, printing style, bindings, covers, type of paper, etc. There are three main types of analytical bibliographies utilized by researchers - textual, which analyzes the published work to an author' initial manuscript; descriptive, a definitive work outlining the traits of published works; and finally the historical, which gives information about the events surrounding the publishing of the material.
An annotated bibliography is the most detailed listing an author can use for citing sources. If you spent the required time doing detailed research, investigating common theories concerning your topic, performed interviews with experts, and analyzed all your assumptions, theories and findings, you have become a subject matter expert on your chosen topic. You are now a source for others wanting to learn about your paper's topic so an annotated bibliography is a great resource for others.
This type of documentation allows you to give the validity of a source. You are able to give a description of the source's content, its usefulness, and possibly rate it against other sources of similar content. Writing bibliography of this type, you also can summarize the information contained within the source allowing others to judge its merits for their own needs. The annotated bibliography gives another researcher great background material concerning the sources you used when conducting your research.
The elements making up an annotated bibliography include:
I agree to the changes.
By using the website you acknowledge you are fine with it. Please read our Legal agreements for more information.