Every educator requires you to follow certain academic rules. For example, despite the fact your own ideas and experiences are valuable, you are supposed to hone your writing skills and use references to credible sources when working on a paper or essay. You can do it differently: summarize, make a quotation and paraphrase. The one you choose depends on what exactly you're writing.
Define What Method Suits You the Best
Quoting is the exact wording of an original text. You do not change anything, you just need to put quotation marks around a passage or sentence you've borrowed. You need to use quoting when your task is to analyze an original source or prove something you've already mentioned in your work.
Paraphrasing skills are always of great help whatever students are supposed to write. While writing an academic paper, your thoughts should be well-grounded. For that you will obviously need some highly credible sources. When you paraphrase a sentence or passage, you render the same idea in your own words.
Summarizing means finding key points in a text and conveying the main idea in short. Unlike paraphrasing, even a few sentences are enough to summarize a very long scientific article or any other source you use in your writing. You read a text, define main ideas, omit less important details, and make a resume. As a result, you will have a concise and rather informative text. It's very helpful for preparing an academic paper summary.
There's one common characteristic feature for all three methods: You should give credit to the author, indicate original sources and give references according to the prescribed writing style standards.
General Algorithm of Using All Three Methods:
Read a full text critically, make sure you understand it perfectly well.
Focus on the key points rather than on minor details.
Flag passages or sentences that should be quoted directly.
Rewrite a text in your own words not looking into the source.
Acknowledge the original source.
Prompts on How to Paraphrase a Quote, What Quotations Format to Use and How to Summarize a Text
Short quotations shouldn't be separated from your text body, whereas the longer ones, also known as "block quotations", should be formatted as a separate passage. In contrast to short quotes, block quotations don't need quotation marks.
Make too complicated sentences simpler by using only one subject and predicate per sentence (where appropriate, of course). Combine two short sentences together, replace repeated words with synonyms. Avoid overloading your writing with terminology or too sophisticated words. When paraphrasing a sentence, don't stick to the same structure as the one used in the original text. You'd better keep on writing in the most natural manner possible.
If you need to write a thorough summary, rewrite it a few times without looking into the original source. After each rewriting, read the original source again. Avoid using phrases from the original text, formulate your thoughts differently. When it is done, look through the work you've written once again and exclude needless details.